Introduction and Organization
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- Last updated：2021-01-13
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The Agency Against Corruption (AAC), Ministry of Justice of the Republic of China (Taiwan) was established on July 20, 2011.The AAC is dedicated to maintaining government integrity and upholding social justice. The AAC is mandated to achieve three general goals: First, strengthening existing mechanisms for eradicating and preventing corruption.
The AAC’s responsibilities include, among other things, drawing and implementation of anti-corruption policies, prevention of corruption, education of the public on fighting corruption as well as investigation and prosecution of corruption cases. To this end, the AAC will endeavor to address both the instances of corruption and the root causes thereof, promote public participation and education, and mete out punishment for such behaviors. Only then can a highly effective public-private network be formed to comprehensively fight and reduce corruption. Second, enhancing the conviction rate of corruption cases The AAC understands that only close interactions among prosecutors, officials from the AAC with investigation power, and officers from ethics units of all levels of government familiar with bureaucratic operations can result in more precise assessments in corruption cases and hence secure evidence needed. In the end, such integration can enhance capabilities of Taiwan’s law enforcement departments in order for improving the rate of guilt verdict on corruption cases. Third, furthering the protection of human rights in Taiwan.
The AAC will neither pursue just high-profile cases nor seek to amass a high volume of cases. Rather, when conducting the investigation of corruption cases, it strives to maintain accurate procedures and make its best endeavors to safeguard the rights of the persons under investigation and the reputation of the agencies concerned. In addition, the AAC will strictly abide by the principle of presumption of innocence and refrain from releasing information by which the public will consider the suspect guilty Special features of the AAC Serving as Taiwan’s sole specialized anti-corruption agency First, the AAC is the first-ever agency specially established with an express mandate to fight corruption. It is the only organization in Taiwan that fulfills the recommendations of the U.N. Convention Against Corruption, being comprehensively empowered to draw up policies as well as to take action to prevent and eradicate corruption. This demonstrates our determination to maintain the highest possible standards. Launching a team of resident prosecutors selected from the Ministry of Justice.
Second, the AAC’s establishment marks the first time that an agency dedicated to monitoring the ethical behavior of public servants at all levels of governments. The AAC is staffed with prosecutors empowered to investigate and prosecute corruption cases. With this new model of operations, prosecutors will participate in suspected cases of corruption at an early stage and will thus be able to exercise their powers to collect evidence needed in a timelier manner. Creating an Clean Politics Advisory Committee.
In addition, the AAC creates a Clean Politics Advisory Committee tasked with monitoring and maintaining the transparency of the AAC’s operations. Composed of experts, citizens with high repute, and representatives from a number of civic organizations, the Committee will work to ensure that the AAC avoids misjudgments and delay while maintaining its independence and neutrality. Guiding principles Addressing both the symptoms and root causes of corruption.
First and foremost, with respect to its anti-corruption policies, the AAC puts more emphasis on education and prevention rather than investigation. The agency’s operations follow a cycle of “prevention, investigation and further prevention” with an aim to continuously improve relevant mechanisms on anti-corruption education and preventon of corruption. Public servants violating ethics guidelines or laws have to face administrative and/or judicial punishments, thereby deterring other public servants. Afterwards, the AAC will reassess the corruption risk management mechanism to determine what improvements need to be made. Expanding the governance of integrity to the private sector Taiwan’s Anti-Corruption Act covers corruption conducted by the private sector commissioned to carry out public duties. It also stipulates that any person offering or promising to offer any advantage to public servants will be subject to prosecution. It follows that the focus of the AAC’s anti-corruption work extends to not only the public sector but also the private sector. Therefore, the AAC will make its best endeavors to prevent both the public and private sector from receiving and offering bribes.
2. Organization Chart
(AAC Organization Chart)
The agency is in charge of formulating corruption-control policy and fulfilling the functions of anti-corruption education, corruption prevention and corruption investigation. It has a Planning Division, a Corruption Prevention Division, a Malpractices Investigation Division, and a Civil Service Ethics Division, as well as three investigation offices for northern, central and southern Taiwan, totaling seven operational units. Besides, it has three supporting offices in charge of secretarial , personnel and accounting affairs, respectively. The size of its statuary staff is 240. They work along with the civil service ethics officials deployed in the various government organizations across the nation to promote clean politics.
(2) Business responsibilities
Its responsibilities include formulating clean politics policy; drawing up annual and medium-term plans; managing and evaluating clean politics measures; engaging in international liaison and mutual assistance with other nations in matters concerning clean politics and judicial affairs; providing legal consultations; sorting out laws; managing the deployment, transfer, promotion affairs of ethics personnel stationed in various government agencies; evaluating their performance; designing and implementing training programs; and maintaining the discipline of AAC's and ethics organizations' officials.
b.Corruption Prevention Division
Developing corruption prevention laws, regulations, systems and measures; reviewing and examining the corruption prevention measures and making counter proposals; helping implement the “Act on Recusal of Public Servants Due to Conflicts of Interests”, “Act on Property-Declaration by Public Servants”, and “Ethics Guidelines for Civil Servants”; regulating the ethics behaviors of government employees; and promoting integrity and clean politics education in public organizations, among the populace, in communities, in schools, and in business establishments.
c.Malpractices Investigation Division
Formulating laws, system and measures concerning corruption; investigating corruption crime, rewarding and encouraging exposition of corruption, protecting whistle blowers, and administering corruption investigations.
d.Civil Service Ethics Division
Making annual plans for corruption control, evaluating ethics organizations' performance, supervising their anti-corruption work, and maintaining government organizations' security and protecting their secrets.
Preparing AAC meetings; taking custody of seals and documents; managing cashiering, financial, refurbishing, procurement; assigning janitors drivers and technicians, and overseeing IT operation.
Managing AAC's personnel affairs
Compiling budgetary proposals, making payments, reviewing procurement cases, and preparing statistics.